Otto Loewi's Great Dreams

Otto Loewi's Great Dreams
Renate G Justin, MD

Summer 2006 - Volume 10 Number 2

We regularly slept on our homework as youngsters, never doubting the old wives' tale that we would absorb knowledge, even through a pillow. We would go to bed unprepared, expecting to awaken the next morning fully prepared for our exam. Was there a grain of truth in this childish belief? Does the brain continue its work while we are asleep? My great-uncle (Onkel), Otto Loewi, MD, would have answered "yes," as his wrinkled face lit up, his body returning to the straight, youthful posture of former times. As he talked, his words accelerated and his voice became louder, losing the huskiness of old age. Then, he once again would tell me about his dream, with the same words he used when he recorded it in his autobiography.

etoc emailClick here to join the eTOC list or text TPJ to 22828. You will receive an Email notice with the Table of Contents of each issue.

The Permanente Journal advances knowledge in scientific research, clinical medicine and innovative health care delivery. It is a peer-reviewed journal of medical science, social science in medicine, and medical humanities.

The Permanente Press

The Permanente Press publishes The Permanente Journal and books related to health care. For information about subscriptions, missing issues, billing, subscription renewal, and back issues, Email:


27,000 print readers per quarter, 15,350 eTOC readers, and in 2018, 2 million page views of TPJ articles in PubMed from a broad international readership.


The Kaiser Permanente National CME Program designates this journal-based CME activity for 4 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

ISSN 1552-5767 Copyright © 2019

All Rights Reserved.