ECG Diagnosis: Monomorphic Ventricular Tachycardia

ECG Diagnosis: Monomorphic Ventricular Tachycardia


Joel T Levis, MD, PhD, FACEP, FAAEM


Winter 2011 - Volume 15 Number 1

ECG Diagnosis: Monomorphic Ventricular Tachycardia

ECG Diagnosis: Monomorphic Ventricular Tachycardia

The differential diagnosis of a wide-complex regular tachycardia includes supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) with intraventricular aberrant conduction, SVT conducting to the ventricles over an accessory pathway, and ventricular tachycardia (VT).1 The ECG characteristics of VT are A) wide QRS complexes; B) rate >100 (most commonly 150-200); C) rhythm is usually regular, although there may be some beat-to-beat variation, and D) QRS axis is usually constant.2 The most common predictors of VT are ischemic heart disease, especially acute myocardial infarction and prior VT. The presence of atrioventricular dissociation can be used to exclude the diagnosis of SVT, but is often difficult to identify on ECG. Wide-complex regular tachydysrhythmias that do not show regular sinus activity should always be treated as VT; inappropriate treatment of VT as an SVT may induce hemodynamic compromise.3

1.    Antunes E, Brugada J, Steurer G, Andries E, Brugada P. The differential diagnosis of a regular tachycardia with a wide QRS complex on the 12-lead ECG: ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia with aberrant intraventricular conduction, and supraventricular tachycardia with anterograde conduction over an accessory pathway. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 1994 Sep;17(9):1515-24.
2.    Hollowell H, Mattu A, Perron D, Holstege C, Brady WJ. Wide-complex tachycardia: beyond the traditional differential diagnosis of ventricular tachycardia vs supraventricular tachycardia with aberrant conduction. Am J Emerg Med 2005 Nov;23(7):876-89.
3.    Garmel GM. Wide complex tachycardias: understanding this complex condition part 2—management, miscellaneous causes, and pitfalls. West J Emerg Med 2008 May;9(2):97-103.

The Permanente Journal

Sponsored by the eight Permanente Medical Groups, The Permanente Journal advances knowledge in scientific research, clinical medicine, and innovative health care delivery.

Reprint Permissions

The Permanente Journal welcomes requests for reprints and reproduction. Use of any and all material published in The Permanente Journal is copyrighted and protected.

The Permanente Press

The Permanente Press publishes The Permanente Journal and books related to healthcare. Journal subscriptions are entered for the calendar year. Advance payment in US dollars is required.

ISSN 1552-5775 Copyright © 2018

The Permanente Press. All Rights Reserved.