Cauda Equina Syndrome -- Think of Cancer



 

Mohammad Sami Walid, MD, PhD; Mohammed Ajjan, MD; Kim W Johnston, MD, FACS; Joe Sam Robinson Jr, MD, FACS

Spring 2008 - Volume 12 Number 2

https://doi.org/10.7812/TPP/07-054

Abstract

Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LC) is a serious complication found in approximately 1% to 8% of patients with solid cancer and carries substantial rates of morbidity and mortality. Up to 48% of patients may present with LC before the presence of systemic cancer is known. We present the case of a patient who presented with symptoms of cauda equina syndrome and for whom subsequent investigations revealed intrathecal metastases and locally advanced lung cancer without respiratory symptoms or brain or bone metastases. The case emphasizes the need for thorough investigation in the presence of the triad: back pain, weakness in the lower extremities, and urinary urgency/incontinence. Cauda equina syndrome due to intrathecal metastases should always be considered. Spine MRI with contrast is the most informative investigative study for these patients, and myelography remains an important diagnostic method.

The Permanente Journal

Sponsored by the eight Permanente Medical Groups, The Permanente Journal advances knowledge in scientific research, clinical medicine, and innovative health care delivery.

Reprint Permissions

The Permanente Journal welcomes requests for reprints and reproduction. Use of any and all material published in The Permanente Journal is copyrighted and protected.

The Permanente Press

The Permanente Press publishes The Permanente Journal and books related to healthcare. Journal subscriptions are entered for the calendar year. Advance payment in US dollars is required.


ISSN 1552-5775 Copyright © 2018 thepermanentejournal.org.

The Permanente Press. All Rights Reserved.