Steven L Lee, MD, FACS, FAAP, is a Professor of Clinical Surgery and Pediatrics at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles; Chief of Pediatric Surgery and Associate Director of the General Surgery Residency at the Los Angeles County Harbor-University of California Los Angeles Medical Center in Torrance.

The Permanente Press

The Permanente Press publishes The Permanente Journal and books related to health care. For information about subscriptions, missing issues, billing, subscription renewal, and back issues, Email:


27,000 print readers per quarter, 15,350 eTOC readers, and in 2018, 2 million page views of TPJ articles in PubMed from a broad international readership.


The Kaiser Permanente National CME Program designates this journal-based CME activity for 4 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

ISSN 1552-5767 Copyright © 2019

All Rights Reserved.