The Permanente Journal (TPJ) uses plagiarism detection software (CrossCheck/iThenticate) to limit the risks of research and publication misconduct. TPJ also discourages authors from duplicate publication. Authors are required to disclose if a study is previously published and explain and detail the differences between the published article and the manuscript submitted for consideration. Please see the section on Overlapping Publication.
The most common area of misconduct is image manipulation. Although beautification of an image is not misconduct, it is not appropriate and should be avoided. Authors should be careful to pay attention to images in their manuscript; if the images are taken from ANY OTHER SOURCE (besides the creation of the author[s]) permission MUST be obtained and submitted to the Editorial Office. This includes images (graphs, charts, etc) created by the author but previously published elsewhere.
i. "Introduction, enhancement, movement, or removal of specific features"2
ii. "Unmarked grouping of images that should otherwise have been presented separately"2
iii. "Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance that obscure, eliminate, or misrepresent any information."2
II. Plagiarism - Appropriating another person's ideas, results, or words without credit or permission. Types of plagiarism are: direct, mosaic, paraphrase, insufficient acknowledgment.3
III. Overlapping Publication
TPJ discourages authors from duplicate publication. Authors are required to disclose if a study is previously published and explain the validity of this secondary publication.
TPJ currently follows the guidelines of ICMJE regarding overlapping or duplication publication. (For further information, see: www.icmje.org/publishing_4overlap.html)
1. Garfinkel S. Recognize, respond to and prevent the publication of research misconduct. Council of Science Editors (CSE) Annual Meeting; 2013 May 3-6; Montreal, Canada.
2. Barbour V, Moher D, Chu J, speakers. Webcast: 5 biggest challenges on the front lines of scholarly publishing. Oakland, CA: iParadigms LLC; 2012 Apr 25.
3. Gerber TC. Recognize, respond to and prevent the publication of research misconduct. Council of Science Editors (CSE) Annual Meeting; 2013 May 3-6; Montreal, Canada.